Be Bayesian when it matters
Bayesian methodologies for efficient data analysis
Recorded 01 February 2016 in Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
Event: IC Colloquia - EPFL IC School Colloquia
Machine learning and data science can greatly benefit from Bayesian methodologies, not only because they improve generalization performance compared to point estimates that are prone to overfitting, but also they provide efficient and principled ways to solve a broad range of statistical problems. In this talk, I will describe several concrete examples where using Bayesian approaches greatly benefit in tackling problems occurring in many areas of science. These examples include (a) designing priors using domain knowledge for structurally sparse high-dimensional parameters with application to functional neuroimaging data and neural spike data; (b) Bayesian manifold learning that enables evaluating the quality of estimated latent manifold as well as learning the latent dimension from statistical evidence; and (c) approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) for models with intractable likelihoods, where we employ kernel mean embeddings to measure data similarities, which is an essential step in ABC.
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